Preparation of article
RIICS follows the recommendations for manuscript preparation of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). The following are general recommendations for the preparation of research articles; some of these sections also apply to review and reflection articles:
On this page:
The front page should contain: the title of the article, short title, author information, disclaimer, source of support, word count, number of figures and tables, and conflict of interest statement. This section applies to review and reflection articles.
The title provides a summary description of the article and must include information that, combined with the keywords and abstract, allows electronic recovery in several search engines. The title should be focused on the subject matter being developed to catch the reader's attention. Please take into account these other guidelines on the title:
1. It should be precise and explain itself. 2. Jargon and local linguistic usages should be avoided. 3. Metaphors or poetic expressions should be avoided. 4. Popular or vulgar language should be avoided. 5. It should not be redundant or use abbreviations (syntax must be taken care of). 6. Do not use too many prepositions. 7. The ideal length is 75 to 100 characters or 10 to 15 words. 8. Exclamation marks, semicolons and slashes ("/") should not be used. Commas, parentheses, question marks and colons may be used.
The short title must be a summary of the title and should not exceed 40 characters (including spaces).
Standardized names of authors
The authors in the publication exercise must use a unique way of naming themselves, this is called pen name. Standardizing the way of signing the publications will allow their name not to be confused with other similar ones and it will allow them to be cited correctly and not lose citations throughout their scientific life. For the signature, RIICS asks the authors to follow the criteria of the International Registry of Authors-Links to Identify Scientists (IraLIS) and register in this system.
It is an alphanumeric code that identifies scientists and other academic authors in a unique manner. All the authors who have submitted their proposals to RIICS must have their Orcid. When registering in Orcid, please keep the same name used in IraLIS.
CvLAC (Latin American and Caribbean Curriculum Vitae)
All Colombian authors who have submitted their proposals to RIICS must be registered in CvLAC (if you do not have one, you can start the registration here). This criterion does not apply to authors outside Colombia.
Authors' academic degrees
Number all the academic degrees of higher education received (postdoctoral, doctorate, master's, specialization, profession).
It is the corporate entity where the research is carried out, or the institution to which the author belongs; it is not always a university, it can be a research center, a hospital, a governmental entity or a private company. It must be remembered that proper names have no translation. After the affiliation, the city and country must be included. Example of complete affiliation: Phisiotherapy Program; Health Sciences School; Fundación Universitaria María Cano; Medellín; Colombia.
Include this information only for the main author or corresponding author.
Telephone and e-mail
All the authors should include their contact number, institutional and personal e-mail.
The author(s) must declare that the opinions presented in the article are his/her own and not an official position of his/her institution or funder.
Source(s) of support
All sources of support that facilitated the research and writing of the article must be included. List the funding sources in the standard form to facilitate meeting funder requirements. See the following example:
Funding: this research was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the University... [number of the research project zzzz]; the Public Health Institute... [grant number yyyy].
If no funding was provided for the research, include the following sentence:
This research did not receive any specific grants from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or nonprofit sectors.
The author should report the number of words in the article. The information on the cover page, tables, legends, figures and references are not taken into account in this count.
Number of figures and tables
The author(s) should report the number of figures and tables accompanying the article. This will help the Editor to confirm and corroborate the total number.
Conflict of Interest Statement
The author(s) must report if there was a conflict of interest surrounding the manuscript submitted to RIICS. A conflict of interest is considered when the author has personal, academic, or financial relationships that may bias or affect his/her actions in the research and publishing.
The abstract is the most important paragraph of the article. It will be the first information to be evaluated by the Editors and reviewers and the first to be reviewed by the readers. Because of this, the content of the article must be clearly reflected here. A good abstract combines aspects of writing and language quality and must be presented in both languages: Spanish and English. As the length of the abstract is extremely short (RIICS accepts a maximum of 250 words), the authors should be precise and select the most important information to be written in a fluent manner. The abstract must present the following pattern:
2. Design / methodology / approach
4. Limitations of the study / implications
5. Originality / value
6. Findings/ conclusions
It is recommended to include between 10 and 12 keywords. This will increase the probability of article retrieval through search engines. It is necessary that the selected words are standardized, which means they are recognized by health sciences databases. RIICS recommends the thesaurus of the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) of the National Library of Medicine of the United States [see here] and the Health Sciences Descriptors [DeCS] of the Virtual Health Library for Latin America and the Caribbean (AL&C) [see here]. The keywords should be presented in Spanish and English.
The introduction develops the background of the research, in other words, the nature of the problem and its importance. The purpose or hypothesis of the study must be presented as well. The authors should select the most pertinent sources and in any case conclusions must be presented. A detailed study of the literature (typical of a review) or a summary of the results must be avoided.
This section should be very clear, precise and detailed, in order to allow other researchers to replicate the research without overlooking any aspect. It must state that it was approved by a bioethics committee or the body that approved the research. The following sections should be considered:
Selection and description of the participants
Describe the population and the selection of the participants (with inclusion and exclusion criteria). A detailed description (age, sex, ethnic) is very important. Researchers must attempt to include representative samples and provide descriptive data and relevant demographic variables. A neutral, precise and respectful language should also be used to describe the participants.
Please specify the main and secondary objectives of the study, report the methods, equipment used and procedures in detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Reference the methods, describe the equipment (name, manufacturer, etc.). Provide reasons for the selection of instruments, their reliability and limitations. If chemicals or medicines were used, identify them accurately (including generic names), dosages used and routes of administration.
Describe adequately and accurately the statistical methods used to allow other researchers to apply them to the data and obtain the same results (a peer reviewer may request them to confirm the findings). Where possible, present reliability intervals and avoid relying only on statistical hypothesis tests, such as P-values, as they do not convey important information about effect size. Include a description of effect size estimates. Define the statistical terms, abbreviations, and symbols used. Include information on the statistical software and version used.
Present the results of the research in a logical sequence and supported by tables and figures. Present the most important findings first. Do not be redundant with the data by presenting them in different ways. Restrict tables and figures to only those necessary: do not duplicate them. Use graphics as an alternative to explain tables with many records. Be as technical as possible with statistical terms to avoid confusion or misinterpretation.
Make an introductory paragraph summarizing the main findings; then provide explanations for each of the results and relate them to the objectives or purpose of the study. Emphasize new and important findings, discuss them with the literature avoiding extensive citations. Discuss the possible influence or association with the study variables. Do not repeat in detail information from other sections (introduction, methodology or results).
Limitations and recommendations
Report limitations and possible implications for future studies. Provide recommendations to other researchers in order to continue lines of study.
Conclusions must demonstrate the strengths and weaknesses of the research; connect the objectives of the study with the results; be adequately supported by the data; present open questions and possible solutions and/or applications; a general explanation of the results may also be hypothesized.
The authors base their research on the work of other authors and their own, this is done by means of citations within the text that must coincide with the complete reference at the end of the article. The style used by RIICS is Vancouver, officially known as Recommendations for the Conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical Journals. It is a set of rules established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), formerly known as the Vancouver Group due to the fact that it met for the first time in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
When the author cites in the text, it should be done by placing an Arabic numeral in square brackets consecutively. The bibliography at the end of the article must be numbered and in the order in which it was cited. For the proper application of each of the citations and references, the authors are requested to refer to the sample references and in more detail to Citing Medicine, 2nd edition.
Please keep the following in mind: cite and reference only what you had at hand to perform the research; consult primary sources, from reputable Editorials and works that have undergone peer review; the sources must have a wide coverage, both national and international, having a greater amount of international sources (it is suggested that 30% of the sources be Latin American and the remaining 70% be outside Latin America); 70% of the references must be from the last five years; under any case, the references should not be used to promote personal or other interests; citing articles from predatory journals must be avoided; although review articles are important in the research process, it is suggested to refer to the originals for more accurate information; avoid frequent self-citation; if citing accepted but unpublished papers, place the mention "in press"; do not cite retracted articles except in the context of referring to the retraction; remember to check that everything cited is properly referenced and everything referenced is properly cited, and in both cases the numbering of the citation corresponds to the referencing; verify that there are no missing or excess citations or references; it is suggested to use a manager of bibliographic references to reduce errors (e.g., Mendeley, EndNote, Mendeley, EndNote). Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero, etc.); include always the DOI of the article, by clicking here you will be able to search if the consulted source has a DOI (use the title of the consulted document for the search).
Tables included in the article must be editable, mentioned in the body of the text and numbered in consecutive order; if they have notes, they must be outside, at the end of the table and centered. Be sure that the data presented in the tables do not duplicate the contents described in other sections; the use of shading or inserting figures or graphic content in the cells is not recommended. In general terms, a table seeks to synthesize a certain amount of data in a convenient manner; for this reason, it is suggested that the range of rows be between 5 and 15; in any case, its size must not exceed one page.
Figures (images, graphics, photos)
Figures included in the article must be in their source format (jpg, png, tiff) and high resolution; they must be quoted in the text and numbered consecutively according to their appearance; if the Figures include text, attempt to use the following fonts: Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol or use fonts that look similar. Keys must be separated and at the foot of the Figure. A copy of the Figures must be sent to the journal in their source format with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (dots per inch).
Calculations and equations
Calculations and equations should be included with the support of Word: Insert/Equation (images are not accepted); calculations and equations should have a separate numbering as follows: Eq. 1; Eq. 2, etc. the above in order to be retrieved by search engines and processed with XML jast methodology.