Who is considered an author? RIICS adopts the four criteria for authorship recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). An author is a person who:

1. Makes a substantial contribution to the conception or design of the work; or to the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; and

2. Writes the article or makes a critical review of important intellectual content; and

3. Provides a final approval of the version to be published; and

4. Makes an agreement of responsibility for all aspects of the work to ensure that questions related to the accuracy or completeness of any part of the work are properly researched and resolved.


Author contributions

RIICS adopted the CRediT taxonomy to describe each author's individual contributions to the work. The correspondence author is responsible for providing contributions from all authors. The editorial team expects that all authors have reviewed, discussed, and accepted their individual contributions. Contributions will be published with the final article and must accurately reflect contributions to the work.

Author contributions (CRediT)
1 Conceptualization Ideas; formulation or evolution of overarching research goals and aims.
2 Data curation Management activities to annotate (produce metadata), scrub data and maintain research data (including software code, where it is necessary for interpreting the data itself) for initial use and later re-use.
3 Formal Analysis Application of statistical, mathematical, computational, or other formal techniques to analyse or synthesize study data.
4 Funding acquisition Acquisition of the financial support for the project leading to this publication.
5 Investigation Conducting a research and investigation process, specifically performing the experiments, or data/evidence collection.
6 Methodology Development or design of methodology; creation of models.
7 Project administration Management and coordination responsibility for the research activity planning and execution.
8 Resources Provision of study materials, reagents, materials, patients, laboratory samples, animals, instrumentation, computing resources, or other analysis tools.
9 Software Programming, software development; designing computer programs; implementation of the computer code and supporting algorithms; testing of existing code components.
10 Supervision Oversight and leadership responsibility for the research activity planning and execution, including mentorship external to the core team.
11 Validation Verification, whether as a part of the activity or separate, of the overall replication/reproducibility of results/experiments and other research outputs.
12 Visualization Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically visualization/data presentation.
13 Writing – original draft Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work, specifically writing the initial draft (including substantive translation).
14 Writing – review and editing Preparation, creation and/or presentation of the published work by those from the original research group, specifically critical review, commentary or revision – including pre- or post-publication stages.




Ethics in publication

Guide for authors

About authorship  Ethics in publication Types of articles Preparation of the article Submission instructions Editorial process Other considerations