Assessment of Quality of Life for Elderly Residents: A Cross Sectional Study in Nursing Home Settings

Evaluación de la calidad de vida de los residentes de edad avanzada: un estudio transversal en entornos de hogares de ancianos


Objective. We aim to assess the quality of life of older individuals living in nursing homes.

Methodology. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on institutionalized elderly individuals for over three months. The sample size of the study was 260 and Non-randomized convenience sampling was used. The study excluded participants with cognitive impairment, severe medical conditions, physical limitations, communication barriers, severe pain, recent surgery, acute illness, or psychiatric disorders. Ethical approval was obtained, and participants were given informed consent. The study took place in various nursing homes in Lahore in June and July 2023, for the analysis of data Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 22) was used, employing frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and correlation.

Results. The Pearson Correlation coefficient of 0.459 suggests a significant positive correlation between these variables (p < 0.01). This correlation is evident in both directions: Quality of life (QoL) score to Mini Mental Scale and vice versa.

Conclusion. While assessing the QoL in elderly inhabitants of nursing residences, cognitive impairment, and high Body mass index (BMI) appeared to influence the overall QoL.


Download data is not yet available.

Citado por


Isha Manzoor
Komal Ahmed
Aneeqa Chaudhary
Saba Riaz
Maheera Nasir Ch


Ko H, Park YH, Cho B, Lim KC, Chang SJ, Yi YM, et al. Gender differences in health status, quality of life, and community service needs of older adults living alone. Arch Gerontol Geriatr [Internet]. 2019;83:239-45. doi: DOI:

Cordes T, Schoene D, Kemmler W, Wollesen B. Chair-Based exercise interventions for nursing home residents: A systematic review. J Am Med Dir Assoc [Internet]. 2021;22(4):733-40. doi: DOI:

Chen P, Cai H, Bai W, Su Z, Tang YL, Ungvari GS, et al. Global prevalence of mild cognitive impairment among older adults living in nursing homes: a meta-analysis and systematic review of epidemiological surveys. Transl Psychiatry [Internet]. 2023 Mar 11;13(1):88. doi: DOI:

Branco de Oliveira L da SSC, Souza EC, Rodrigues RAS, Fett CA, Piva AB. The effects of physical activity on anxiety, depression, and quality of life in elderly people living in the community. Trends Psychiatry Psychother [Internet]. 2019;41(1):36-42. doi: DOI:

Li J, Xu X, Sun J, Cai W, Qin T, Wu M, et al. Activities of daily living, life orientation, and health-related quality of life among older people in nursing homes: a national cross-sectional study in China. Qual Life Res [Internet]. 2020;29(11):2949-60. doi: DOI:

Heydari J, Khani S, Shahhosseini Z. Health-related quality of life of elderly living in nursing home and homes in a district of Iran: Implications for policy makers. Indian J Sci Technol [Internet]. 2012;5(5):1-6. doi: DOI:

Hjaltadóttir I, Gústafsdóttir M. Quality of life in nursing homes: perception of physically frail elderly residents. Scand J Caring Sci [Internet]. 2007;21(1):48-55. doi: DOI:

Figueira HA, Figueira OA, Figueira AA, Figueira JA, Polo-Ledesma RE, Lyra da Silva CR, et al. Impact of physical activity on anxiety, depression, stress and quality of life of the older people in Brazil. Int J Environ Res Public Health [Internet]. 2023;20(2):1-11. doi: DOI:

Tew CW, Ong SP, Yap PLK, Lim AYC, Luo N, Koh GCH, et al. Quality of Life, person-centred care and lived experiences of nursing home residents in a developed urban Asian country: a cross-sectional study. Jour Nursing Home Res [Internet]. 2021;7:1-8. doi: DOI:

López-García E, Banegas Banegas JR, Gutiérrez-Fisac JL, Gzaciani Pérez-Regadera A, Díez- Gañán L, Rodríguez-Artalejo F. Relation between body weight and health-related quality of life among the elderly in Spain. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord [Internet]. 2003;27(6):701-9. doi: DOI:

Alomari E, Steinke C. Quality of life in assisted living facilities for seniors: A descriptive exploratory study. Nurs Open [Internet]. 2024 Mar;11(3):e2084. doi: DOI:

Dodds L, Brayne C, Siette J. Associations between social networks, cognitive function, and quality of life among older adults in long-term care. BMC Geriatr [Internet]. 2024;24(1):1-12. doi: DOI:

Chang HK, Gil CR, Kim HJ, Bea HJ. Factors affecting quality of life among the elderly in long-term care hospitals. J Nurs Res [Internet]. 2021 Feb;29(1):e134. doi: DOI:

Böhner ES, Spek B, Joling KJ, Zwaagstra Y, Gerridzen IJ. Factors associated with ADL dependence in nursing home residents with Korsakoff’s Syndrome and other alcohol-related disorders: An explorative cross-sectional study. J Clin Med [Internet]. 2023 Mar 11;12(6):2-10. doi: DOI:

Verdugo MÁ, Gómez LE, Arias B, Schalock RL. The Integral Quality of Life Scale: Development, Validation, and Use. In Michalos AC, editor. Social Indicators Research Series vol 41 [Internet]. Dordrech: Springer; 2010. p. 47-60. doi: DOI:

Vertesi A, Lever JA, Molloy DW, Sanderson B, Tuttle I, Pokoradi L, et al. Standardized mini-mental state examination. Use and interpretation. Can Fam Physician [Internet]. 2001 Oct;47:2018-23. Available from:

Hussenoeder FS, Conrad I, Roehr S, Fuchs A, Pentzek M, Bickel H, et al. Mild cognitive impairment and quality of life in the oldest old: a closer look. Qual Life Res [Internet]. 2020;29(6):1675-83. doi: DOI:

Sabol VK, Kennerly SM, Alderden J, Horn SD, Yap TL. Insight into the movement behaviors of nursing home residents living with obesity: A report of two cases. Wound Manag Prev [Internet]. 2020 May;66(5):18-29. doi: DOI:

Akter N, Banu B, Chowdhury SH, Islam KR, Tabassum TT, Hossain SM. Astute exploration of collective mental health events among the residents of elderly care homes. Heliyon [Internet]. 2023 Jul 8;9(7):e18117. doi: DOI:

Polat Ü, Bayrak Kahraman B, Kaynak İ, Görgülü Ü. Relationship among health-related quality of life, depression, and awareness of home care services in elderly patients. Geriatr Gerontol Int [Internet]. 2016;16(11):1211-9. doi: DOI:


Download data is not yet available.