Development of Physical Fitness Through Simulation Exercises for Ski Racers Aged 13-14. Non-Randomized Quasi-Experimental Study

Desarrollo de la condición física mediante ejercicios de simulación para corredores de esquí de 13-14 años. Estudio cuasi-experimental no aleatorizado


Introduction. In recent decades, the level of ski performance in Russia has significantly decreased. This poses new challenges in the preparation of athletes for competitions and the training process.

Objective. To analyze the effects of simulation training tools on the physical condition of ski runners between 13 and 14 years.

Methods. Quasi-experimental, non-randomized study. 40 cross-country skiers between the ages of 13 and 14 belonging to the Korshik Village sports school (Russia) were assigned to a control (n=20) and experimental (n=20) group. Classes in the control group were carried out according to the usual training plan and in the experimental group simulation exercises were used. Control tests include pull-up, squats, long jump two legs, simulated 100 meters climb and a 500-meter run test.

Results. The control group did not present significant improvements (p>0.05), while the experimental group reported significant improvements in pull-up (22.2%; p<0.05), squat (5.9%; p<0 .05), long jump two legs (6.8%; p<0.05), 100-meter climbing simulation (7.8%; p<0.05) and 500-meter run (4.2 %, p<0.05).

Conclusion. If in the preparatory period a series of simulation exercises is included in the training program for skiers aged 13-14, the level of physical fitness of the athletes will improve significantly.


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Citado por


Georgiy Polevoy
Héctor Fuentes-Barría
Raúl Aguilera-Eguía


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